2013年1月31日木曜日

英文エッセイ「To help other people」

【テーマ】
Have you ever helped someone else or saved other people's life?
Will you help very poor children?
How?

【佐々木の回答】
In my school days when I had a lot of time to spare, I joined various volunteer activities such as assisting handicapped children to going to school, leading local children's club, etc.
In my twenties when I earned twice as much as the average of my generation, I donated a tenth of my income every month to charitable institutions.
Nowadays I have little time to spare and earn less than half of the average of my generation, I join almost no volunteer activity and donate little of my income to charitable institutions.
I can't respect fully those who call themselves supporters of poor people while they can't earn their own living sufficiently.
I think I should earn my own living first before help other people.

2013年1月30日水曜日

英文エッセイ「My favorite proverb」

【テーマ】
We have a lot of proverbs.
What is your favorite proverb in English or Japanese ?
Explain the meaning and write something of your episode or opinion that was connected with the proverb.

【佐々木の回答】
I like the proverb "Hope for the best, and prepare for the worst".

When I fail to get satisfactory results, I often feel my failure is caused by a shortage of my "hopes for the best" and "preparations for the best".

To Hope for the best and to prepare for the worst are, in a sense, the mental activities in the opposite direction to each other. We sometimes concentrate on one direction too much and forget the other.

This proverb warns me of such dangers.

2013年1月29日火曜日

英文エッセイ「About SAMSUNG」

【テーマ】
Do you know SAMSUNG? This company has top market share in 5 merchandises already. How do you think about these present situation?

【佐々木の回答】
There were times I frequently read and heard explanations of the strong points of such companies as Panasonic, Sharp, Sony, all of which is now in a critical situation. Frequently reading and hearing explanations of the strong points of SAMSUNG nowadays, I sometimes think this company is reaching its peak.

It is delightful that the success of SAMSUNG is attributed more to its adaptation to global standards, than to the national characteristics of Korean people. The success of SAMSUNG must press Japanese companies more to adapt to global standards. That must be good for Japanese companies. The success of SAMSUNG also encourage both Korean and Japanese people to think and act globally. That must in a long term ease the strained political tensions between the two nations. Economic competition is much better than political tension.

2013年1月28日月曜日

英文エッセイ「About Yen depreciation」

【テーマ】
What do you feel and think about "Yen-Yasu"?
Yen-Yasu is depreciation of the yen, the weaker yen and a slump of Japanese value of works.

【佐々木の回答】
I have had little opportunity to be engaged in foreign trades, so had no deep concern about foreign exchange rates.

11 years ago, I heard that it was highly possible that Japanese Yen would hereafter be much weaker against US dollar, because Japanese economy was already on the decline, and Japanese government debt kept on accumulating.

After hearing this, I tried foreign currency deposit of an internet bank. I exchanged 10,000 Yen into 74.77 US dollars, at the rate of 133.74 Yen per a US dollar.

After that, the Yen kept appreciating.

About 2 and half years later, the exchange rate become 102 Yen per a US dollar.

I re-exchanged the US dollar deposit into Yen, and  settled 5,443 Yen of loss.

I learned from the experience that foreign exchange rate is unpredictable.

In my view, it is not proper to demand the government to artificially manipulate foreign exchange rates.

What business persons have to do is not to expect specific foreign exchange rate, but to prepare for the volatility of foreign exchange rates.

2013年1月27日日曜日

To Mount Tohnodake

Today I climbed Mount Tohnodake, 1,491 meters in height, Tanzawa.

I was lucky enough to have fine weather.

The trail was slippery with crusted snow. I attached crampons to my climbing boots.

There was a wonderful view from the summit.

Mount Fuji, the Akaishi mountain range, Enoshima Island, the Miura Peninsula, Yokohama Grand InterContinental Hotel, Yokohama Landmark Tower, the Bousoh Peninsula, Izu-Oshima Island, ...

All these could be seen clear.









2013年1月26日土曜日

"Anti-Ayn Rand" becomes the symbol of "friend of the weak" at last in Japan?

Last Wednesday, the Japanese evening tabloid YUU-KAN FUJI, published by Sankei Shimbun Co., Ltd., carried an article titled "Ayn Rand's Spell Casting Its Dark Shadow Over U.S. Economy."

The author is Mr. MORIOKA Naoki, a Japanese financial journalist, born in 1957.

The article outlines the bewildering political situation in the United States, represented by the "fiscal cliff", and as this situation's background, widening disparities between the wealthy and the poor.

Mr. MORIOKA takes up the Tea Party movement as the symbol of the widening disparities between the wealthy and the poor, and introduces Ayn Rand as the philosopher whom the Tea Party movement supporters have faith in.

In the article, Rand's philosophy is depicted as the divider of the unity of American society, which promotes the trend the wealthy get wealthier and the poor get poorer.

As far as I know, this is the first article in Japan that has referred to Ayn Rand in the media for the mass people.

Last September, the magazine COURRiER Japon carried an article which outlined the Tea Party movement and Ayn Rand's philosophy, by a famous Japanese movie critic Mr. MACHIYAMA Tomohiro, living in San Francisco. But this magazine is for the intellectuals, not for the general public.

In United States, even after 30 years have passed since she was dead, Rand is still criticized in the mass media, as if to attack Rand were the proof of "friend of the weak".

In Japan, it was not till 2004 that her most important long novels "The Fountainhead"  and "Atlas Shrugged" was published in Japanese.

Almost no one has known her, so she has never been criticized in Japanese mass media.

I am very glad to read the article to introduce critically Rand's philosophy in mass media in Japan.

I want to believe this is the good symptom that her philosophy began to penetrate the Japanese society at last.

2013年1月25日金曜日

英文エッセイ「About Windows PC and Mac」

【テーマ】
Which do you like Windows PC or Mac? Tell us two reasons about that or some comments about PC.

【佐々木の回答】
Is there anyone who uses Windows PC instead of Mac because he or she prefers Windows PC to Mac?

Windows users use Windows PC because most of PC users whom they have to exchange application-specific files with use Windows PC.

In contrast, I guess most of Mac users use Mac because he or she prefers Mac to Windows PC.

The first PC I bought about 15 years ago was Mac.

The purpose for which I bought PC was designing of pamphlets of the company I was employed by.

At that time, in the field of DTP (DeskTop Publishing), Mac was the only choice, because the PCs printing companies used were Mac.

When I left the company and started to work as a translator, 12 years ago, I bought Windows PC, because translators have to exchange Microsoft Office files with clients.

Nowadays the necessity to Windows-specific-application files with clients reduced.

If I can afford, I also want to use Mac, because Mac seems to comfortable and enjoyable to use.

2013年1月24日木曜日

英文エッセイ「About shopping」

【テーマ】
Do you like shopping or not? Why?

【佐々木の回答】
There is an old short tale in Japan that a stingy man, who ate rice every night with nice-smelling smoke from an eel restaurant in his neighborhood as the side dish, and was, one day, demanded by the master of the eel restaurant to pay the price for the smoke, replied that he would pay, but only by the sound of coins, because it's only the price for the smell.

As a humble earner, I often enjoy shopping like the eel restaurant's neighbor; I mean "window-shopping".

Beginners of window-shopping enjoy looking at goods they want to buy, while experienced window-shoppers enjoy looking at goods they have no idea who wants to buy.

It is amusing intellectual training to look at goods you have no interest in and imagine with feeling the desire of the people who are fascinated by the goods.

In this respect, I like watching counters of department stores where ladies' clothes and ornaments are sold.

2013年1月23日水曜日

英文エッセイ「About Africa」

【テーマ】
Africa was the birth place of human beings and civilization. Now Africa has a lot of problems. Why?

【佐々木の回答】
Perfection makes causes of its own decline.
Every civilization develops to the point at which it can develop no more, losing the ability to change itself according to the change of its circumstances.
Then a new civilization springs up from remote areas, yearning for the old civilization. The new civilization overtakes the old one, and finally overthrow it.
The civilization generated first was, naturally, that which reached to the point at which it could develop no more first, and was overthrown first.
It is no wonder that the region, which disintegrated itself and has always been trampled by other regions since the dawn of history, has trouble establishing well-functioning economic and political order.

2013年1月22日火曜日

英文エッセイ「About terrorism」

【テーマ】
What is terrorism? How can't we bow to terrorism? Tell us your opinion.

【佐々木の回答】
Violent actions executed for political purposes are called terrorism.

Terrorism won't cease to happen, because human beings cannot survive without political order, and no political order can satisfy every social class and ethnic group, to the extent that no one want to overthrow the order at the sacrifice of life of enemies, fellows, and even him/herself.

All we can do is just reduce the frequency and scale of terrorisms.

From political viewpoint, it is important for governments and political majorities not to excessively defeat other nations, political enemies, and minorities.

From personal viewpoint, all I can do seem to live so that I will never regret whenever I die.

2013年1月21日月曜日

英文エッセイ「About my favorite food」

【テーマ】
What is your favorite food? Why?

【佐々木の回答】
In advanced countries, over-nutrition is said to be injuring people's health much more than under-nutrition is.

In this sense, our favorite food can be seen as one of the gravest menace to our health.

As for me, YAKISOBA, or Chinese style stir-fried noodle, fits to this concept best.

YAKISOBA is a very dangerous food.

The noodles and powdered sauce for YAKISOBA are usually sold in a package for three persons. Although I live alone, I buy the YAKISOBA package for three persons, because a package for one person is relatively expensive, and seems not to be enough for me. When I start to cook YAKISOBA, I always think I will eat the YAKISOBA for three persons in twice. It is obviously overeating to eat up all at once. But I hardly ever could stick to my decision.

YAKISOBA has three problems.

The first is the form of noodle. Noodles are so easy for mouth to swallow that we cannot restrain ourselves from overeating.

The second is the salty-sweet sauce. The desire for sugar is increased by being satisfied. The salt conceals the danger of sugar.

The third is its abundance of vegetables, which let us justify overeating.

Very strong will is needed not to overeat YAKISOBA.

2013年1月20日日曜日

Money and the ocean

The relation between money and human beings, I sometimes think, resembles the relation between the ocean and living things.

Life was once thought to be generated in the ancient ocean.

But according to the latest theory, the water itself was generated simultaneously as the life phenomenon was generated on the earth.

The water itself has been a life phenomenon from the beginning.

The first form of living thing was the single‐celled genus.

Life activity produces water.

By hundreds of millions of years of life activity of the single‐celled genus, puddles were generated on the earth.

It was difficult for the ancient single‐celled genus to prey on foods, being flown in the puddles.

The sponge genus evolved from the single‐celled genus, in order to cling to the bottom of the puddles and prey on foods.

The puddles got deeper and deeper by life activity of the living things, and became ponds.

The increase of water increased the living things, and the increased living things furthermore increased water.

In the course of time, the ponds became so deep that enough sunlight could not reach the bottom of the ponds.

The jellyfish genus evolved from the sponge genus, in order to move in the water and prey on foods.

The ponds got deeper and deeper by life activity of the living things, and became the sea.

It became difficult for the jellyfish genus to move and prey on foods in the swift current of the sea.

The fish genus evolved from the jellyfish genus, in order to move and prey on foods freely in the swift current of the sea.

Money was generated by human beings, like water was generated by living things.

Money has increased by the activity of human beings, like water had increased by the activity of living things.

Money is indispensable to human beings, like water is indispensable to living things.

Excessively increased money requires human beings to evolve into "new genus", like excessively increased water required living things to evolve, doesn't it?

I guess the modern people need the ability to "swim” in the swift current of the “ocean of money".

2013年1月19日土曜日

Efficiency wages?

Reading textbooks on economics, I encounter various concepts I cannot fully understand.

One of such concepts is "efficiency wages".

In my understanding, efficiency wages are the wages which companies pay more than the equilibrium level at which demand equals supply, in order to increase the labor productivity. In the labor market as a whole, efficiency wages increase the unemployment rate, because at the prices above the equilibrium, demand always falls short of supply.

What I am in doubt of is, if laborers don't provide such "increased" productivity at the wage levels below the "increased" wage, whether we can regard this wage level as "above the equilibrium".

Isn't the "increased" wage the "equilibrium" price of the labor that the company demands?

2013年1月18日金曜日

Innocent people?

People sacrificed in warfare are often called "innocent people." I am reluctant to accept the idea that the members of nations which are involved in warfare can be divided into two parts: the "innocent" and the "guilty". The "innocent" implies mainly two things: "not involved in decision-making process to open war" and "not members of the armed forces". And sometimes it also implies "not members of a nation which started the war".

I don't think these things verify one's innocence in warfare.

Essentially, a war is started and fought for the same reason a nation is established and maintained. Both wars and nations are started and kept for the purpose of the defense of a community as a hole. No one can live without being a member of some nation. Any nation survives by defending its territory, members, and interests exclusively from other nations. To be born and live as a member of a nation means to receive the benefit of the exclusive defense of its territory, members, and interests from other nations. In this sense, everyone by nature confronts other nations as a member of some nation.

We cannot avoid responsibility of being a member of a nation while enjoying its benefits.

2013年1月17日木曜日

英文エッセイ「When the earthquake occurred」

【テーマ】
Earthquakes affect all people living on the earth, regardless of nationality or race.
17th Jan. 1995 a very big earthquake occurred the area around Hanshin & Awazi.
At that time what did you think about "earthquake" and have any actions after that?

【佐々木の回答】
The day the huge earthquake occurred around Hanshin-Awaji area of Japan in 1995 was the deadline of my graduation thesis of the pedagogy faculty of a university, which was located in Kyoto, about 100 km away from the epicenter. The night before the earthquake occurred, I was finishing the graduation thesis at the seventh floor of a ten-storied apartment, where a physically handicapped person whom I cared for as a volunteer lived. It was a few hours before the daybreak when I almost finished the thesis and fell asleep. At five forty-six a.m., when I was woken up by the fierce quake, what I first thought was "This apartment must collapse. I am sure to be killed. It is very regrettable that I can't present the thesis I have had a hard time to finish." It was the next morning that I knew the deadline of the graduation thesis was put off a week because of the huge earthquake.

Having presented the graduation thesis, I visited various institutions in the Hanshin area as a volunteer worker to assist clearing the wreckage way. Seeing collapsed buildings where many people had been killed, and thinking that the day before the earthquake they should have no idea they would be killed the next morning, I could not help deciding to live honestly.

2013年1月16日水曜日

Bubble economy comes again?


Today I attended the New Year party of the seminar on economics for business persons, held at an izakaya (Japanese style bar) in Shibuya-ward, Tokyo.

The doctor of economics who is the lecturer of the seminar, 59 years old, and 9 members of the seminar, in their 20s-50s, all male, were present.

One of the themes which we most lively talked about was, "Property bubble comes again. Let's recall the bubble economy of Japan in 1980s!”

The doctors said the advent of so big a bubble economy as 1980s was almost inevitable, although I am skeptical, and have no idea what to do.

2013年1月15日火曜日

Visible invisibles, or invisible visibles


Those who too frequently use expressions like "exposure of truth" and "concealed truth" seem to me to have no experience of finding truth from reality for themselves.

To find truth is to be able to view by mind what has been visible to eyes but invisible to mind, not what has been invisible to eyes.

Only those for whom truth is always given by other people through the form of language confuse finding truth with exposing what has been concealed.

For those who have experience of finding truth from reality, the concealer of truth is no one but themselves.

2013年1月14日月曜日

The first snow



It was snow today.

The first snow of this winter.

Snow kept falling in the daytime, and lay over 10 cm around my house.

After sunset, I shoveled the snow off the front of 6 houses around my house.

In my neighborhood there are many houses where elderly women live alone.





2013年1月13日日曜日

To Mount Kintoki

Today I climbed Mount Kintoki, 1,213 meters in height, Hakone.

Left home at 9:40 a.m., took Odaky railway to Odawara, transfered to Hakone Tozan Bus, and got off at Sengoku Bus Stop.

It took about 90 minutes from the bus stop to the summit of Mount Kintoki.

At a teahouse at the summit, I orderd a small bowl of SHIRUKO (sweet adzuki bean soup with pieces of rice cake), 600 Yen.

Middle-aged shopwomen served slices of apple, and cookies with jam, free of charge.

Went down the mountain, and got on the highway bus at Hakone Sengoku Annaijyo Bus Stop.

Because of traffic jam of Tomei Highway, it took about 90 minutes to Tomei Atsugi Bus stop.

Got home at 7 p.m.

Staring at PC screens throughout workdays, I often felt an urge to go to mountains.

Towering in the back is Mount Fuji, 3,776 m.

2013年1月12日土曜日

Finished reading an introductory textbook of economics


Finally I finished reading an introductory textbook of economics, which is made up of 12 chapters extracted from N. Gregory Mankiw's "Principle of Economics" which is made up of 36 chapters (Japanese version).

I first tried to read this book about 3 years ago but failed.

Last September I start to attend a course of economics for business persons, but I can't understand basic concepts of economics, so I retried this book.

Although this is an introductory textbook, it took time for me to understand each sentence, each concept, each formula, and each graph.

Because I made efforts to understand thoroughly sentence by sentence, I could gain some confidence about basics of economics.

It was impressive that complicated phenomena like economy were theoretically put in order by economists.

Living in a country where functions of market are too distorted by interventions of government, I felt as if any intervention in market was bad. But reading this book, I could understand the theoretical basis of government's intervention in market.


2013年1月11日金曜日

英文エッセイ「About playing music」


【テーマ】
Which do you like, playing or listening music? Why?

【佐々木の回答】
I like listening music much more than playing it. Music mercilessly exposes how harmonized the player's mind is with his/her body, and his/her inner world is with his/her outer world. I can play almost no instrument. On rare occasions I am forced to sing at KARAOKE party, I always feel dejected facing disharmony between my mind and body, and between my inner world and outer world. When I was more insensitive to the ugliness of my body and mind, singing a song, fingering a guitar, and so on were more enjoyable than now.

2013年1月10日木曜日

英文エッセイ「About a business alliance」


【テーマ】
NYT reported the next news yesterday.
"Panasonic announced on Tuesday that it has formed business alliances with General Motors and IBM at the 2013 International Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas."
What do you think about the news and the near future of IT & electric & car industry?

【佐々木の回答】
Panasonic is a consumer electronics company, but neither General Motors nor IBM is a consumer electronics company. The news says not that General Motors and IBM just supply Panasonic with some components or systems, but that the three companies in different industries forms "business alliances" in the market of consumer electronics. Does that mean they aim at something beyond what we imagine from the word "consumer electronics"? If so, I would like to look forward. In developed countries, companies which produce just "products" are in slump. Companies in good shape are those which create new "experiences". I hope the three companies will create innovative products we have never seen.

2013年1月9日水曜日

英文エッセイ「About smart phones」


【テーマ】
Tell us your special "how to use" and your opinion about some problems of "smart phones".

【佐々木の回答】
Instead of switching to smart phones, I am still using a simple cellular phone of five years ago. Early in last year I bought Apple's iPod touch just because a book I inevitably wanted to read was only published as an electronic book on a platform exclusive for iOS. While using iPod touch, I wanted to use this device as a schedule calendar, because I sometimes forgot important schedules. I bought a mobile WiFi router and a calendar application for iOS. Now I always carry a cellular phone, iPod touch, a mobile WiFi router, and battery chargers for these devices. That is not at all smart. But it is pity to waste a cellphone which is still usable.

2013年1月8日火曜日

英文エッセイ「About stresses at workplace」


【テーマ】
When do you feel angry or sad in your office? Why? And how do you get rid of stresses?

【佐々木の回答】
Stresses at workplace are divided into two kinds: stresses easy to bear, and stresses difficult to bear.

I just escape from stresses I can't bear. There two kinds of stresses at workplace I can't bear. One is that I feel I am doing customers no good. The other is that I feel I am treated like a robot.

The reason I quitted the first company I was employed was because of the former stress. The company provided students preparing for entrance examinations of universities and colleges with an education service which trains the ability of logical thinking. When I was employed by the company, I believed the education service the company provided was great. But gradually I lost confidence in the value of the service the company provided.

The reason I stopped working as translator was because of the latter stress. When a global translation company started to evaluate the performance of translators by obeisance rates to superficial writing rules, I felt I could not continue this job.

As of stresses easy to bear, I just try to change point of view about the source of stresses. Most of tiny stresses are gotten rid of once the inevitability the people who bring stresses have to behave as they do is understood.

2013年1月7日月曜日

英文エッセイ「The season I like and dislike most」


【テーマ】
Japan has four seasons.
Which season do you like or/and dislike most? Why?

【佐々木の回答】
I like summer most. In summer, I can most quickly be active after waking up.
I dislike winter most. In winter, I always suffer chapping of skin on my hands.

2013年1月6日日曜日

Principle of comparative advantage 2


What is the origin of trade? Some say it was plunder. Others say it was donation. The former seem to consider human nature too evil. The latter seem to consider human nature too good. Principle of comparative advantage tells us that the productivity of a community which leans to trade with other communities inevitably exceeds that of a community which trades with no other communities. A community which notices the merit of trade necessarily develops trades with other communities. It seems to be a matter of chance whether the first trade started as plunder or donation.

2013年1月5日土曜日

Principle of comparative advantage


Among various principles of economics, the principle of comparative advantage is one of the most striking principles for me. I can hardly think of more striking principles of economics than the principle of "comparative advantage" but the "invisible hand" of the market. I learned about the "invisible hand" when I was junior high school student, but I had not learned about the principle of comparative advantage until I was over thirty years old. The principle of comparative advantage seems to explain most persuasively why the society has been so developed.

2013年1月4日金曜日

英文エッセイ「My farewell note」


【テーマ】
Do you remember your first love ?
If you can live only 6 months, write him/her a letter.

【佐々木の回答】
Dear XXXX

[I]
Notify the following people of my death.
(Name, Relation, E-mail, Phone, Address)
i) Mr. XXXXXX XXXXXX, XXXXXX@XXXX.XXX, XXX-XXXX-XXXX, ....
ii) Mr. YYYYYY YYYYYY, YYYYYY@YYY.YYY, YYY-YYYY-YYYY, ....
iii) ......

[II]
The following is the list of my humble assets. If summed up, I hope, they can cover the expenses to dispose of my possessions, and (if necessary) hold my funeral. I want you to accept the surplus (if any).
(Category, Trustee, Account number, Rough estimate)
i)  ....
ii) ....
iii) ....

[III]
I believe there is no soul that survives the body after death. So I want no ceremony to be held to "comfort" my soul after my death.

[IV]
The following is the cemetery of my family.
(Name, Address, Phone, Holder name, Division number)

[V]
I have lived wishing not to feel sad whenever I die. I think I have been having the wish granted. So I wish no one to feel sorry for my "too early" death.

[VI]
It was one of my greatest pleasure to meet a person like you of whom I can ask favors like above.


Sincerely
Ichiro

2013年1月3日木曜日

英文エッセイ「The reason I want to learn fluent English」


【テーマ】
Why do you want and make great efforts to learn fluent English now?
Tell us some details about the above question.

【佐々木の回答】
Lack of confidence in English communication sometimes makes me do what I should be ashamed of.

The autumn before last, a DVD of a minor movie which was shown only in U.S. was on sale. The movie itself was not very good, but I like the original novel of the movie very much. The DVD was not on sale in Japan, and didn't seem to be scheduled to. I obtained the DVD, and passionately wanted to let the rare Japanese fans of the author of the original novel see the DVD. To be rightful, I should have negotiated with the producer of the DVD, and acquired the rights to translate and resale the DVD in Japan. But I was not sure I could negotiate in English with the producer in U.S. So without permission, I translated into Japanese the subtitles of the movie, made a PDF with Japanese subtitles printed side by side with the original, imported the DVD from U.S., made a Web site to sell the DVD, and have sold so far about twenty five sets of the DVD with my translation of subtitles.

I believe I have done not so much harm as good to the producer of the DVD and the movie, but I am ashamed of what I have done without their permission.

By learning fluent English and gaining confidence in English communication, I thought, I could avoid such a shameful conduct.

The above is one of the reasons I decided to participate in the program.

2013年1月2日水曜日

英文エッセイ「My dreams I want to realize this year and this decade」


【テーマ】
Happy new year!
Tell us about your dreams for this year and this decade as great as possible.
Big, big, big! Not usual dreams please!

【佐々木の回答】
[For this year]
1. Introduce Ayn Rand's works to more than one person in Japan who I can really feel should meet Rand's works.
2. Sell more than three units of a service of unit gross margin of 100,000 yen, and more than fifty units of a service of unit gross margin of 60,000 yen.
3. Not get ill seriously.
[For this decade]
1. Make contents in English which sell to more than a hundred thousand people over the world.
2. Be able to see someone whom I really want to see at least once a month.
3. Be free from chapped hands in winter.

2013年1月1日火曜日

英文エッセイ「What I feel when I have continued this program of English leaning for 2 months」


【テーマ】
How did you feel on the first day of this program of English leaning?
And now what do you feel have changed inside yourself?

【佐々木の回答】
Before I participated in this program, to express what I thought in English was just a dream. Now I feel it is possible that I can express about half of what I think in English if I continue this program for a year.
 
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